Much has been discussed about the influence of food on the control of hyperthyroidism. In fact, in recent years a number of clinical research work has been carried out aimed at studying the influence of food as a complement to the medical treatment of hyperthyroidism. Thus, the diet for hyperthyroidism has been shown to be effective in improving the course of the disease and, of course, the quality of life of patients. Let’s see what the conclusions are: What should I eat if I have hyperthyroidism? What diet should I follow? Is there any food I should avoid?
What is hyperthyroidism and what are its causes?
To begin with, and as we explained above, hyperthyroidism is a disorder of the thyroid gland that affects 0.or2% of the population. It encompasses a wide range of diseases, such as various Multinodular Bocios, toxic Thyroid adenomas or Graves-Basedow disease.
Regardless of the cause of hyperthyroidism, maintaining a balanced diet is important. For this reason, it is essential to consult with your doctor and have a multidisciplinary team like ours, which has expert dietitians-nutritionists.
According to studies, the main characteristic of a diet for hyperthyroidism is related to limiting the nutrients that help produce thyroid hormone (iodine) and boost those antioxidants, those that help regenerate healthy cells (Selenium) .
If you have hyperthyroidism you should follow a diet rich in Selenium. Selenium is a micro-mineral found in red meats, fish, vegetables, pine nuts, eggs, mushrooms, and wheat among others. The relationship between hyperthyroidism and Selenium a has been the result of numerous studies in recent years. In them, Selenium has been shown to play an important role in the immune-endocrine balance. Especially,thanks to its great antioxidant activity at the cellular level, function that it shares with vitamin E. The thyroid gland has a high concentration in Selenium. Which suggests it could help eliminate oxygen-free radicals oxigeno generated during hormone production. With this, it seems that it could help the regeneration of healthy cells.
Another possible effect of a diet rich in Selenium, although not scientifically proven, would be the improvement of some symptoms of hyperthyroidism; graves’ orbitopathy and some cardio-vascular effects. Thus, a diet for hyperthyroidism should contain foods rich in Selenium such as: red meat, fish, vegetables, pine nuts, eggs, mushrooms or wheat.
“If you have hyperthyroidism you should eat foods rich in Selenium. According to various studies, this micro-mineral has an important role in the immune-endocrine balance”
If you have hyperthyroidism you should follow a diet low in Iodine. This claim is based on the outcome of several studies demonstrating a reduction in hormone production (T4) by the thyroid gland in those hyperthyroid patients who made a restriction of iodine intake. So, if you have hyperthyroidism you should not eat: salt, grain, cereal, some kind of bread, fish, seafood, chicken, milk and other dairy products. That is, the main sources of Iodine. I take into account that it is essential to take a balanced diet, the restriction should be partial and never complete. That is, avoid its exclusion but rationalizing consumption.
“If you have hyperthyroidism you should NOT eat foods rich in Iodine. According to various studies, in the face of a restriction of the intake of this mineral, the hormone production of the thyroid gland is reduced”
Main features of a diet for hyperthyroidism
In view of the published results, we can say that the diet for hyperthyroidism should be: low in salt (especially iodized) and rich in Selenium. Tracking a diet with these characteristics is recommended as a supplement to medical treatment of hyperthyroidism. Since, it will help improve the course of the disease and the quality of life of patients.