The effects of diabetes on the heart

he functions of the heart in a human organism make it absolutely indispensable for life, because it is still the most important muscle in the body. For this reason, it is essential to carry out care for the pumping machine, which is also exposed to severe metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, a disorder that affects millions of people internationally, some 300 million  people according to estimates, although this figure could rise to 435 million by 2035 according to medical forecasts.

The reason diabetes is one of the main threats of the heart system responds to the disease being able to produce or respond optimally to the hormone insulin, essential for converting glucose, so-called blood sugar, into energy. The energy of the food consumed, therefore, cannot be used by the body, so that cells are damaged by this absence of energy transfer. Glucose is not assimilated by cells, the amount of glucose in the blood rises and hyperglycemia and diabetes are generated.

The lower circulation, the higher blood pressure

The problems that diabetes creates in the proper functioning of the heart begin with high rates of so-called bad cholesterol and few levels of good cholesterol, at the same time as triglycerides  – a type of fat found in the blood – also increase. This combination hardens the arteries in a process called atherosclerosis, which is forged when fats, cholesterol and other harmful substances accumulate in arterial channels and block blood flow.

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Since it cannot pass ordinaryly, the heart, lungs and kidneys do not receive the same amount of blood and their functioning is not conventionally performed, in addition to increasing blood pressure. This extra amount of blood glucose causes excessive thickness and increases the chances of clots more easily occurring and smaller blood vessels weakening. These clots are semi-solid masses of blood whose appearance can alter circulatory flow.

In addition to these harmful effects, this clotting can come from arterial damage that causes your plaque to shed and cause these obstacles to the passage of blood, to the point that if it occurs in one of the arteries of the heart a heart has a heart attack. In case other arteries are blocked throughout the entire anatomy, this harmful phenomenon is called embolism.

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Diabetes not only directly impacts heart function, but also decreases your body’s ability to fight infections or pathogens and heal wounds. This inefficiency means that infections are longer lasting and wounds take longer to heal.

Those affected by diabetes

Although the 300 million diabetics worldwide do not meet uniform standards, medical studies on this disease have shown that there is an inherited genetic predisposition, as it can be passed down from generation to generation. However, people who suffer from obesity are more susceptible to this disorder, as there are certain fats that inhibit the already developed interaction between insulin and glucose.

According to a study by the Spanish Heart Foundation on the relationship between this muscle and diabetes, people suffering from the disease should follow guidelines of fundamental dietary routines to best alleviate the effects of diabetes. With regard to sweeteners, sugar or honey are not recommended because they raise the blood glucose level and its high fattening caloric level; with saccharin, meanwhile, moderate consumption is allowed and never more than 10-12 tablets daily.

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Alcoholic beverages are also not well received, since their high volume of calories adds to the emergence of triglycerides,thus being especially prohibited for those with high cholesterol records. Soft drinks, with a high presence of inadequate sweeteners among their ingredients, are also not positive. The same goes for tobacco, one of the great enemies of heart health. As for salt, although it does not significantly influence the effects of diabetes, unless you are a hypertensive person. In older age, a low-sodium diet is improving for the cardiovascular system.

The characteristics of diabetes and its effects on the heart mean that the recommended instructions to alleviate its effects and prevent serious problems go through a healthy diet and with a reduced presence of sugars and fats, as well as include to the routine a few patterns of physical exercise in search of weight loss, since obesity is a risk factor for diabetics. Regular assistance to medical specialists to monitor the evolution of the body, cholesterol and blood circulation is also essential to work day by day against this disease and maintain a firm health.

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